There are many participatory methods that can be used in research, that provide more open, inclusive and creative ways to generate and collect data.
Traditional research methods are not always designed to encourage participation, or to include people of different backgrounds and skill sets.
Participatory methods are increasingly popular in research which involves people - they include diagramming, mapping, arts techniques, photovoice and participatory video. They often involve analysis and sometimes dissemination at the same time as data collection. There are a numerous sources available which detail and advise on the use of these kinds of methods.
Be aware that when used in a traditional research approach where the external researcher drives the process, these or any other methods do not amount to participatory research. But used within a collaborative framework, they can enable rich collective data collection, analysis and follow-up action. Nonetheless there are also examples of traditional methods being used effectively in a participatory approach, especially in recent experiments in scientific research (for example using surveys, modelling, large datasts, etc.)
Make use of and experiment with the range of participatory methods now existing, that can help to provide more open, inclusive and creative ways to generate and collect data.